Funny People (2009) – IMDb



George is a very successful stand up stand up comedian shows comedian who learns that he has an untreatable blood disorder and is given less than a year to live.

Ira is a struggling up-and-coming stand up comedian who works at a deli and has yet to figure out his onstage persona. One night, these two perform at the same free stand up comedy videos club and George takes notice of.

Ira. George hires Ira to be his semi-personal assistant as well as his friend. Written by


Plot Summary


Plot Synopsis


George Simmons was prepared to die, but then a funny thing happened.

Motion Picture Rating


Rated R for language and crude sexual humor throughout, and some sexuality


See all certifications »



Release Date: 21 October 2009 (Egypt)

See more »

Box Office

Budget: $75,000,000


Opening Weekend: $22,657,780


(31 July 2009)

Gross: $51,814,190


(11 September 2009)

See more »

Company Credits

Technical Specs


146 min|

153 min


Aspect jokes and comedy Ratio: 1.85 : 1

See full technical specs »


Did You Know?


Adam Sandler said he felt guilty about saying such filthy jokes in the film about women because of his two young daughters at home. See more »


When Ira is playing George his playlist you can see he clicks on the second song but when it flicks back the song highlighted is way further down. It flicks back again and the highlight is back to the second spot. See more »



Go lose 20 more pounds, you son of a bitch!

See more »


Walk Like an Egyptian

Written by Liam Sternberg

Performed by The Bangles

Courtesy of Columbia Records, a unit of Sony Music Entertainment

By arrangement with Sony Music Licensing

See more »


The Advantages and Disadvantages Prove Why it’s Popular

Laser cutting involves the use of a laser beam to cut materials like wood, plastic, metal, rubber, etc. This technology has become an important part of a manufacturing process. This method comes with its own share of advantages and disadvantages.


Laser Cutting

Material cutting is one of the major steps involved in a manufacturing process. This step must be performed accurately and efficiently so that the subsequent steps of the manufacturing process can be carried out properly. Current manufacturing units use lasers to perform this task.

Laser cutting machines are integrated with a computer-controlled programming system which determines where and how the cut has to be made on the material. Even though laser beams have great utility, they also have some limitations.

Advantages of Laser Cutting

~ Holding the work-piece in right position is easier in case of laser cutting as compared to mechanical cutting.

~ Cuts obtained with the laser are extremely precise and do not require a lot of time. Rather, the entire process of cutting the material is quite easy and accomplished in less time than that required by conventional cutting machines.

~ As gifts for nautical lovers the cut is made by the help of a laser beam, there is no direct contact of the work-piece with any cutting instrument, thereby eliminating the risk of material contamination.

~ In conventional processes the heat generated while cutting generally turns the material out of shape. In laser cutting, as the area subjected to heat is very small, it reduces the chances of warping of the material.

~ Laser cutting machines use less energy for cutting metal sheets as compared to plasma cutting technology.

~ Laser cutting technology can be used to cut a number of materials like ceramic, wood, rubber, plastic, and certain metals.

~ Laser cutting is extremely versatile and can be used to cut or engrave simple to complex designs on a workpiece.

~ Manufacturing units with space constraints benefit a lot by installing laser cutting machines because one or two laser cutters are capable of performing the job of several other machines used for cutting.

~ Laser cutting is controlled by the help of computer programs, thereby saving substantial amount of manpower.

~ As the laser cutting machine does not require human involvement except for repairs and test runs, the incidence of accidents and injuries is also reduced.

~ Efficiency of the machine is very high, and replicas obtained of the required design are exact copies of each other.

Disadvantages of Laser Cutting

~ Generally, laser cutting involves high power consumption in comparison with other technologies used for cutting. Consumption of power and efficiency depends on the type of laser used for cutting and the type of cut that has to gifts for water lovers be made.

~ Cutting plastic with the help of these machines may cost a lot of money because plastic emits fumes when subjected to heat. Due to this, the entire setup has to be made in a well-ventilated room which can be quite expensive. Also, fumes released during the process can be toxic and may prove to be fatal.

~ Rate of production is gifts for people who live on the lake not consistent when laser cutting is used. It highly depends on thickness of the work-piece, type of material, and type of laser used.

~ Carelessness in adjusting laser distance and temperature may lead to burning of some materials. Certain metals tend to discolor if the intensity of the laser beam is not as per requirement.

~ Human involvement is only needed in case of test runs and repairs. During these tasks, if by mistake, a worker comes in contact with the laser beam, he may suffer from serious burns.

Conventional cutting methods are also good and inexpensive, but despite the disadvantages associated with laser cutting process, the use of this technology has gained a lot of popularity. This is because the quality of finish obtained after laser cutting a material is far better than that obtained by other methods.

Priyanka Kosta Sonkushre

Last Updated: August 19, 2016

Holistic Healing

The west has started appreciating healing only recently, while in the east it started thousands of years ago. This form of healing complements conventional treatments along with herbal and aroma therapies. This allows a holistic treatment that is achieved through natural energy, popularly known as prana or chi to the patients enabling complete recovery from distress illnesses and injuries. This is often used to treat serious ailments like chemotherapy or radiation and helps reduce the patient’s recovery period.

How the healing is conveyed

The spiritual healer receives the energy which he or she directs through his consciousness to the patients. This energy can flow through the hands and over a particular distance to the patient. Some spiritual healers may use the laying of hands on patients’ affected parts. For example, a patient who is having migraine headaches or depression will be laid hands on the head. This act clears the blockages that are preventing a smooth flow of energy from the heart to the head, that may be causing the depression or headaches.

It is believed that a patient doesn’t have to be close to the healer for healing to occur, because the energy is focused through the thought of the patient requiring help through meditation petitions and prayers. It’s often thought that spiritual healing requires faith and hence people shy away from it. Nevertheless, there are others who believe that this energy is provided by God and one does not have to believe in any religion or faith to channel or receive the healing energy. Spiritual healing is inherently available in the universe and hence available to a certain level to anyone who desires.

There are many causes on divine healing available that include healing for personal and in various group sizes. Often the people attending the classes have their primary knowledge and understanding of spiritual healing broadened immensely. Whether one believes it or not, this form of healing continues to become more and more popular and is being recognized as a complementary form of treatment by an increasing number within the medical field.

Methods of spiritual healing

There are different structured methods of spiritual healing which cannot be learnt by a person who is not talented. often come without proof or evidence like the word of the psychic medium reader. Nevertheless, a reader can go into a state where they change their voice or language of communication totally with invisible energy sources of unstructured psychic medium readings.

However, these unstructured and different forms depends solely on the particular gift that the psychic medium has and cannot be called up on demand. Sometimes a reader will continue to have the clairvoyancy after sending healing and when the feeling has ended, they will continue to pass the messages on.

Marketing consultancy- Think big

Think big on the web internet marketing consultant offer you the most effective advertising and marketing strategies and make you the very best. They may be the established and certified consultants help you in company promotion. They evaluate your enterprise ideas and enable you to to implement them proficiently and getting the very best business enterprise plan for establishing your small business. Think big marketing ideas and concerns are helpful to the clients for making up their business.

The intent in the think big on-line marketing and advertising consultant would be to immediate up your market, express out the consumers and challengers, and provides outlines for a drive down for and just starting customers and to generate out and linger for conversion. A skilled and able marketing and advertising consultant is crucial and critical for establishing your business. One particular contain to create certain of apt advantages have to be the end of this kind of consultancy.

For advertising and marketing your enterprise which need to have correct arranging and aims about what need to do. Therefore several assistance and policies are provided by a very best advertising and marketing consultant. Concern with think big, their ideas and ideology are outstanding and promote you in just about every enterprise sectors.They is the best and certified promoter for establishing your business. Less than the steerage of these types of consultants you may assure of creating your online business and promoting.

Their execution policies are diverse and straightforward. Clients can calm decrease after they reaches the hands of think big. Their consulting options and promoting approaches are lengthily seen. Website design and style, pay back per click on promotion, look for engine optimisation, internet marketing consulting, online reputation firm, video recording promoting, sociable media and mail promoting companies would be the several marketing expert services offered by think big on the web.

The key sections comprise of details concerning the object explanation, board marketplace, miscellaneous markets core efficiency, advancement and numerous style reachable, sales objective and marketing objective and advertising finances. Thus each and every and every activity assigned are properly managed and provided by them. They supply finest services compared to people.

Think big online advertising and marketing consultant not simply focus on your online business promotion but also give aid, friendly dealership, ideal directive rules, managing approaches. And also delivers you leading most companies and assurance and take care of your income in an successful way. You’ll be able to strategy think big when your corporation breaks and effort you in every single sphere as they present greatest option to suit your needs and for business.

Think big with internet marketing consulting to give a boost to your business, visit

Author’s Bio: 

Working as a strategic communication consultant for small and mid size IT ventures

Can lasers help you stop smoking? Check the data | Reuters

New York City (Reuters Health)– Could one hour be all you need to quit smoking cigarettes, without food cravings or side effects?That’s what Innovative Laser Therapy, a New Haven, Connecticut-based company, promotes on its site. The center makes use of low-level lasers – much like those occasionally utilized to deal with arthritis-related pain – to target particular acupuncture factors on the body pertaining to dependency, metabolic process as well as anxiety, and asserts that most clients can quit cigarette smoking after one session.In that session,

the laser is aimed at places on the face, hands and also wrist, with the aim of soothing withdrawal signs and symptoms and also preventing yearnings.”When you smoke a cigarette,

you synthetically tell your brain to release endorphins, “Frank Pinto, the proprietor of Innovative Laser Treatment, informed Reuters Health. As a result, giving up brings about a quick decrease in endorphin degrees, he said.” The laser essentially boosts the nerve closings to inform the brain to launch a flooding of endorphins “to boost an individual over that preliminary 3-5 day bulge of withdrawal signs, he said.The treatment also targets other points that are thought to reduce cravings

— to avoid the weight gain that commonly features giving up cigarette smoking– as well as promote leisure, according to Innovative Laser Therapy.But does it work?’INSUFFICIENT PROOF’IN SCIENTIFIC REQUISITES There’s restricted research revealing that laser therapy

could assist some cigarette smokers stop. Ingenious Laser Treatment mentions one research, a 2008 paper

published in the Journal of Chinese Medication, offered on their site at A UK-based team found that cigarette smokers that had four laser therapies over two weeks were more probable to stop compared to cigarette smokers that had three therapies. Those in the three therapy team, then, had much better success prices than a control team that was provided phony laser treatments.After 6 months, 55 percent of the four-treatment group was smoke-free, contrasted to 19 percent of the three-treatment team and also 6 percent of those that were treated with phony lasers. The authors just weren’t able to comply with the majority of the

340 individuals for greater than 6 months after therapy, so they aren’t sure if those that quit cigarette smoking launched again, or if they truly give up forever. And the journal’s site-which supplies lasers as well as other therapies available for sale– does not claim whether it is peer-reviewed. In comparison, a 2000 Singapore research study of 330 teens discovered no difference in 3-month giving up prices for participants treated with actual or phony laser treatment.”In clinical terms, this one(UK)research study is not nearly enough proof to suggest( the) laser for cigarette smoking cessation,” Dr. Adrian White informed Reuters Health by email. Dr. White is a research fellow at Peninsula Medical School in the UK that co-authored an evaluation of laser treatment and also similar smoking cigarettes cessation approaches for the Cochrane Collaboration, a worldwide company that examines medical research.”The outcomes conflict with the various other study, and also they seem’ as well good to be true.'”According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and also Avoidance, about 1 in 5 Americans is a current cigarette smoker, and most of them smoke on a daily basis. The American Heart Organization reports that greater than 80 percent of smokers say they intend to stop. However many smokers try greater than one cigarette smoking cessation technique or take years of

attempting prior to they do give up for good.Pinto launched Innovative Laser Treatment after he successfully quit smoking cigarettes with a round of laser therapy from a facility in Fla. His company bills $350 for a single therapy that takes less compared to a hr, and supplies totally free additional therapies to individuals that are still having a problem with stopping in the adhering to 6 months.

Other companies do a couple of shorter therapy sessions as component of their normal treatment plan.NOT FDA-APPROVED FOR QUITTING SMOKING CIGARETTES Utilizing acupuncture approaches to treat dependencies such as cigarette smoking is not new, White stated, however there is still no clear evidence that therapy with needles has any type of healing results either.And while the laser device made use of by centers including Innovative Laser Therapy has actually been approved by the Food and also Medication Management for momentary discomfort relief, the agency has actually unclear

it to be marketed for smoking cigarettes cessation.The UK research study found that the negative effects of the therapy resembled some withdrawal signs, and the FDA has actually classified the laser as a”nonsignificant risk”tool.

Pinto claims that the most significant side result he sees is that”individuals really feel loosened up throughout the therapy.”Neil Camera, the president of Laser Rehab, Inc., says that FDA approval could be at hand. His company, which creates the lasers and supplies them to centers that are running clinical tests on the therapy’s efficiency, has had an application for authorization into the FDA for 3 and half years, he said.But the federal government company had actually just managed medications-not brand-new modern technology -for smoking cessation, which has actually reduced down the process,

Electronic camera stated. “The FDA didn’t recognize ways to handle it, rather honestly,” he told Reuters Wellness.” That was the biggest drawback.”Dr. Neil Spielholz, of Nova Southeastern University in Fort Lauderdale, was involved with the initial study sent to the FDA -the very same one that demonstrated to the success of laser therapy in UK cigarette smokers. The FDA had a couple of problems keeping that study, he claimed, including that effective giving up was determined by a smoker’s own reports, as well as not by even more contemporary methods that calculate the quantity of carbon monoxide gas in somebody’s breath. In response, Laser Therapeutics is developing one more study to attend to those comments

, he said.A spokesperson from the FDA confirmed that the firm knows the concept of utilizing reduced degree lasers for smoking cigarettes cessation and had actually been in discussions with those looking for to obtain it approved on how they must proceed.Usually three convincing research studies entailing big teams of human clients are required prior to the FDA determines to approve a treatment.Pinto claims that Innovative Laser Treatment acts on the success of every one of its clients a month after the treatment for scientific proof that will be part of the plan of information presented to the FDA.” The company (Laser Therapeutics)is freaking out, “Spielholz informed Reuters Health and wellness.”They wish to get this point accepted, obviously.”Yet, he claimed of the initial proof in support of the treatment,”this one is only a single research study, which obviously individuals that count on lasers will certainly leap on …(

but)points have actually obtained to be verified. One research, no matter just how several people are in it, really needs a couple of confirmation researches.

“WO N’T WORK WITH EVERYBODY If future studies do reveal its performance, laser therapy would certainly have an upper hand over traditional techniques of cigarette smoking cessation, such as medicines including Chantix and Zyban, claimed Spielholz, that continuouslies collaborate with Laser Rehabs on getting FDA approval.The absence of any kind of drugs associated with laser treatment “would certainly be the appeal of this,”

he claimed.” You do not have those negative effects of self-destructive ideas and also sensations of paranoia that are reported for the medications, “he said.Still, Laser Therapeutics ‘Electronic camera said, the therapy won’t deal with everyone.” The person has to be desiring to give up smoking, “he claimed.”They can not be dragged in by a spouse or whatever, due to the fact that nothing’s visiting function then.

“Dr. Martha Daviglus, that researches preventative medicine at Northwestern College, concurred that the most crucial part of any cigarette smoking cessation program was that cigarette smokers were prepared to quit. After seeing the first research study, she’s enthusiastic, but careful, concerning low-level laser therapy as a manner in which to assist people do that.”There are hundreds of methods to stop smoking,”she claimed.”We could wish that this is likelying to be a technique that is likelying to assist people.”However, Daviglus stated,”We need more research study and also more proof.”

Oral-B® and Sherri Shepherd Empower Americans to Advance Their Oral Health

Oral-B and celebrity comedienne and Daytime Emmy Award-winner Sherri Shepherd are calling on power toothbrush users across the country to share their “Powerful Moment of Truth” that instant when they switched from a manual to a power toothbrush and its positive impact on their oral health. Sherri is revealing her “power moment” in a video testimonial available at to help inspire others to take charge of their oral health. As part of the Oral-B “Powerful Moments of Truth” campaign, Sherri will also be sharing her “power secrets” about maintaining good dental hygiene while managing a hectic schedule.

“I am thrilled to partner with Oral-B on this initiative,” said Sherri, co-host of the daytime talk show “The View.” “I hope my video not only entertains viewers, but also inspires them to discover their own ‘Powerful Moments of Truth.’ Like me, they’ll probably wonder why they waited so long to give power toothbrushes a try.”

With oscillating and rotating technology, Oral-B power toothbrushes (rechargeable electric toothbrushes) reach deep between teeth and along the gum line for a thorough clean, removing plaque and helping prevent gingivitis. Many people find power toothbrushes easier to use because they provide all of the brushing action, in contrast to manual toothbrushes. In addition, there is an Oral-B power toothbrush for almost everyone, since many of the toothbrushes come with brushing modes for deep cleaning, sensitivity care, whitening or gum massage.

Sherri is among the eight out of 10 Oral-B users who prefer their power toothbrush over a manual brush, and she has her own reasons why.

“I had always thought that power toothbrushes were meant for people with oral health problems, but my dental hygienist recommended I use one to improve my daily oral health routine,” continued Sherri. “Power brushes also provide all the cleaning, which is a real benefit for busy women like me who are juggling a career, marriage and motherhood.”

On Friday, September 30 at 2:00 PM (ET), Sherri will be available on the Oral-B Facebook page for a live chat to answer questions about why she made the switch from a manual to a power toothbrush, how she maintains a healthy smile and why she is partnering with Oral-B. Facebook users are encouraged to post questions on the Oral-B Facebook page in advance or during the chat, and Sherri will address as many as possible.

To learn more about Oral-B power toothbrushes and “Powerful Moments of Truth,” visit

About Procter & Gamble

P&G touches and improves the lives of about 4.4 billion people around the world. its portfolio of trusted, quality brands. Company’s leadership brands include Pampers, Tide, Ariel, Always, Whisper, Pantene, Mach3, Bounty, Dawn, Fairy, Gain, Pringles, Charmin, Downy, Lenor, Iams, Crest, Oral-B, Duracell, Olay, Head & Shoulders, Wella, Gillette, Braun, Fusion, Ace, Febreze, and Ambi Pur. With operations in about 80 countries, P&G brands are available in more than 180 countries worldwide. Please visit for the latest news and in-depth information about P&G and its brands.

About Oral-B

Oral-B is the worldwide leader in the over $5 billion brushing market. Part of the Procter & Gamble Company, the brand includes manual and power toothbrushes for children and adults, oral irrigators and interdental products, such as dental floss. Oral-B toothbrushes are used by more dentists in the world than any other brand.

Photos/MultimediaGallery Available:

Doctors explain the long-term health effects of Flint water crisis

NEW YORK — The parents of children in Flint, Michigan have good reason to be worried about lead in the city’s water supply.

“There’s real danger that the injury is going to be permanent. lifelong in them,” Dr. Philip Landrigan, Dean of Global Health at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, tells CBS News.


By Stephanie Adams-Nicolai

By Stephanie Adams-Nicolai

After decades of being a chiropractic studies professional model, author, playmate, financial investor, and media personality, I have to tell you, I have a very tough skin when it comes to all the nonsense, gossip, blatant jealousy of others laced with hearsay. My official web sites speak for themselves and one thing I will happily tell you is that, regardless of all my accomplishments, my husband and my son are my everything and we have the chiropractic schools usa most amazing family life in the world. Ive written articles about the joys of motherhood, breastfeeding, and more, but after a wonderful Valentines Day with my big and little Valentine, I thought it would be fun to create a playful little article on the top reasons to love being married to a chiropractor…and here they are…

1.) Aches and pains anyone? Not a problem. Your sweetheart makes the absolute best and most convenient house calls. And there is no need to present an insurance card or make a co-payment because you happily cohabitate without an expiration date.

2.) Chiropractors are excellent listeners and genuinely want to understand people’s complaints about pain and other problems, which make them caring, sensitive, and most understanding of you when you go through something physically or emotionally trying too.

3.) After having gone through just as much medical training, if not more, than the average medical doctor when it comes to anatomy and physiology, chiropractors understand the causes for medical conditions rather quickly, which makes them a built in doctor in the house.

4.) Unlike some medical professionals, chiropractors don’t just “cover up” an ailment or “dress it up” in medication to make it look better. They get to the bottom of the problem and fix it, which also ensures great problem solving skills in your marriage.

5.) You’ll never have to worry about cleaning out your medicine cabinet or doing nervous research on side effects. Chiropractors prefer to help the body heal itself whenever possible, therefore opting for a more organic lifestyle with chiropractor medical naturally good health and wellness.

Author’s Bio:

Wall Street Chiropractic And Wellness is a proud family business. Dr. Charles V. Nicolai graduated from Palmer College of Chiropractic, and has been in practice for over 20 years. He, his lovely wife, and their son live the healthy lifestyle he encourages amongst his patients, friends and family. Various services include overall chiropractic care, nutritional wellness, and physical therapy.

With advanced degrees in business, as well as being a Fortune 500 private investor and the founder of two other businesses prior, Stephanie Adams-Nicolai is the driving force behind the scenes alongside her husband and at times the representative forefront for Wall Street Chiropractic And Wellness at corporate functions.

As partners, the Nicolais created a vision and incorporate their unified belief in natural healing within all of their wellness companies. Together, inspired by their son, they welcome you to Wall Street Chiropractic And Wellness to achieve the good health that they and their family live by as well.

Google Plus: Social Network Adds $45 Billion to Google Stock Value in Bid to Compete With Facebook

Does the world really need a new social networking site?

Maybe it does, and maybe that helps explain the success of Google+. It only turns a month old on Thursday, but it already claims up to 20 million members. And since the service went live, Google Inc. When trying to find. <div class="tumblr-post" data-href="https://embed. companies that build websites .com/embed/post/GLsj3oN_sSRhR0-8wx6ZRQ/112241866791″ data-did=”04754421a81544196d9a368c64d76df0abb94221″> Quality, search engine friendly and mobile friendly web sites you have to take a look at working with the top Web site design Business in Traverse city.

stock has gone up nearly 30 percent, raising the value of the web page design services (the “market cap” in Wall Street jargon) by $45 billion.

“They’re probably the only company well positioned to launch a Facebook alternative,” said Danny Sullivan, founder of Search Engine Land and a prominent Google-watcher. “People like alternatives. Twitter doesn’t offer a full-fledged alternative to the Facebook experience. Google does.”

Google+ is still far smaller than Facebook, but it is already stealing attention and advertising dollars. It offers one-stop shopping for people who want to link up with friends and family, but don’t like using multiple sites.

“Google+ has aspects of Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn in it, and folks are a bit overwhelmed with all of the different social networking services,” said Rob Enderle, a technology analyst based in San Jose, Calif. “Folks have also crammed these other services with tons of ‘friends’ they don’t really know, and the sheer volume of activity has weakened the quality of the experience.”

Google+ will look familiar if you’ve used Facebook — but different. There are photos and comments from friends, but there are also “circles” into which you can categorize people with whom you’ve linked — friends, family, acquaintances and so on. There may be something silly from that Saturday-night party that you’d share with close friends, but not with a business connection.

Enderle says the mix is well-thought-out. “Google+ thus simplifies their online social networking life,” he said in an email to ABC News, “and has allowed them to start over choosing their ‘friends’ more judiciously, preserving the quality of the experience.”

That said, tech-industry wags like the irony that the most-followed public figure on Google+ is Mark Zuckerberg — Facebook’s founder. (Well behind, according to Google+ Statistics, are Larry Page and Sergey Brin, Google’s founders.)

And writers have noted there’s a tech-geek Silicon-Valley quality to Google+; Zuckerberg’s 388,000 followers can’t compare to the 11 million on Twitter that Lady Gaga or Justin Bieber each command.

But Google Web Development not complaining. It has a success on its hands. “For people who love Google,” said Sullivan, “it’s like they’ve found a home where they can be loud and proud about the company.”

One other thing: There is an aura of exclusivity to Google+. When it started you had to be invited to join, even if only by a friend you hadn’t seen in years. “That last created a bit of a feeding frenzy that I think surprised a lot of us,” said Enderle. “In a way web developer company used social engineering to create initial demand and that was new to them.”

IBM Breaks World Record for Solar Efficiency by Ashly Sun

IBMs new thin-film solar cell has broken a world record for having an efficiency of 9.6 percent.

The solar cell- made up of zinc, copper, tin and sulphur/selenium- has an efficiency rating that is 40 percent higher than older solar cells made up of the same materials. Thin film solar cells usually have a 9 to 11 percent efficiency rate, and usually come from very expensive elements like cadmium, gallium and indium.

In 2008, IBM developed the concentrating photovoltaic technology with the aim to reduce the cost of producing solar energy by using less photovoltaic cells in a solar farm and concentrating more light onto each cell using larger lenses. IBMs strategy comes from its capacity to cool the tiny solar cell and to concentrate the equivalent of 2000 suns on a small area for melting stainless steel. IBM also uses its technology for cooling computer chips which had enabled solar cells to cool from.

greater than 1600 degrees Celsius to just 85 degrees Celsius.

IBM has also developed a system that achieved breakthrough results by combining a commercial solar cell with an advanced IBM liquid metal thermal cooling system using microprocessor industry methods.

The melted liquid metal called thermal interface layer is applied between the chip and the cooling block so that heat may be transferred and chip temperature may be kept low. The technology, which was developed by IBM originally to cool high power computer chips, gives an excellent thermal performance at a low cost.

CPV technology has the capacity to provide the lowest-cost solar electricity for large-scale power generation, as long as the temperature of the cells are kept low and cost-effective optics can be developed for concentrating the light to high levels.

Aside from photovoltaic research, IBM is also involved in energy efficient technology and services, advanced water management, carbon management, intelligent transportation systems and intelligent utility systems.

IBM Research lead photovoltaics scientist Dr. Supratik Guha said that he believes IBM can supply knowledge from their extensive experience in semiconductors and nanotechnology to the field of alternative energy research.